What are the Six Types of Tea in China?
Black tea, or Black tea.During the processing of black tea, the chemical reaction centered on the enzymatic oxidation of tea polyphenols occurs. The composition of fresh leaves changes greatly, and the tea polyphenols decrease by more than 90%, and new components and aroma substances such as theaflavin and thearboxin are produced, which have the characteristics of black tea, red soup, red leaves and sweet alcohol.Qimen black tea is the most famous black tea.
Black tea is fully fermented tea, is suitable for tea leaves as raw materials, withering, rolling (cutting), fermentation, drying and a series of technological processes refined from the tea.Withering is an important process of black tea, black tea is called "black tea" at the beginning of the system.Black tea gets its name from the red color of the tea soup and leaves after the dry tea is brewed.Chinese black tea varieties mainly include: Rizhao black tea, Qi red, Zhaoping red, Huo red, Dian red, Yue red, Quancheng red, Su red, Sichuan red, Yingred, Dongjiang Chuyunxian black tea, etc. In 2013, Hunan Dongjiang Chuyunxian black tea won the special prize of "China Tea Cup".
White tea is a slightly fermented tea, which is a traditional famous tea created by Chinese tea farmers.One of the six major teas in China.Refers to a kind of tea after picking, not after curing or rolling, only through the sun or gentle fire drying after processing.It has the characteristics of complete bud shape, full body, fresh fragrance, clear yellow and green color, light taste and sweet quality.
White tea is a special treasure of Chinese tea.Because its tea is mostly bud head, covered with Baikoe, such as silver like snow so named.The main production areas are in Fujian Fuding, Zhenghe, Wuhan Xinzhou Old Street, Jiaocheng Tianshan, Songxi, Jianyang, Yunnan Jinggu and other places.The basic processes include withering, baking (or drying in the shade), picking and refiring, etc.The process of Yunnan white tea is mainly sun-drying, and the advantage of sun-drying is that the taste of the tea leaves keeps the original fragrance.Wisting is a key process to form the quality of white tea.
The main varieties of white tea are as follows: first day bud, Tianshan white, Baihao silver needle, white peony, and Shoumei (Gongmei) due to different varieties of tea trees and raw materials (fresh leaves).
Green Tea, is one of the main types of Tea in China.
Green tea is made from new leaves or buds of Camellia sinica, without fermentation, through the process of curing, shaping and drying. It retains the natural substances of fresh leaves, including tea polyphenols, catechins, chlorophyll, caffeine, amino acids, vitamins and other nutrients.Green color and tea soup more preservation of fresh tea green style, hence the name.
Often drink green tea can prevent cancer, reduce fat and reduce weight, also can reduce its nicotine damage to smokers.
Green tea is produced in a wide range of provinces in China, including Henan, Guizhou, Jiangxi, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Hunan, Hubei, Guangxi and Fujian.
Oolong tea, also known as green tea and semi-fermented tea, is a distinctive tea category among several major tea categories in China.Oolong tea is a kind of tea with excellent quality produced after the process of curing, withering, shaking, fermentation and baking.Oolong tea evolved from Gong Cha Long Tuan and Feng Cake in the Song Dynasty and was created around 1725 (Emperor Yongzheng of the Qing Dynasty).After tasting, the teeth and cheeks remain fragrant, with a sweet aftertaste.The pharmacological effects of oolong tea are prominent in the decomposition of fat, weight loss and fitness.It is called "beauty tea" and "bodybuilding tea" in Japan.Oolong tea is a kind of tea unique to China, mainly produced in northern and southern Fujian, Guangdong and Taiwan provinces.In recent years, Sichuan, Hunan and other provinces also have a small amount of production.Oolong tea is mainly exported to Japan, Southeast Asia, Hong Kong and Macao in addition to Guangdong, Fujian and other provinces.
Yellow tea is a specialty of China.According to the size of fresh leaves and old tender buds, it can be divided into yellow bud tea, yellow tea and yellow tea.Yellow bud tea mainly includes Junshan Silver Needle, Mengding Yellow Yard, Huoshan Yellow Yard and Yuan 'an Yellow Tea.Such as Weishan Maojian, Pingyang yellow soup, Ya 'an yellow tea are yellow tea.After the storage of water in the Three Gorges Reservoir area, the Zigui Mountain area is shrouded by fog all year round, forming the unique Zigui yellow tea, which also belongs to the yellow tea.
Huangda tea is cultivated in Jinzhai, Huoshan, Yingshan, Hubei and Dayeqing in Guangdong.The quality of yellow tea is characterized by "yellow leaf yellow soup".Hunan Yueyang is the hometown of yellow tea in China.
Yellow tea belongs to light fermentation tea, and its processing technology is similar to that of green tea. Only before or after the drying process, a "dull yellow" technology is added to promote the partial oxidation of polyphenols, chlorophyll and other substances.Its processing method is similar to green tea, its production process is: fresh leaves defoliation rolling - stuffy yellow, dry.Yellow tea editing, rolling and drying process are similar to green tea process, the most important working procedure is frowsty huang, it is the key to the forming characteristics of yellow tea, is the main approach to overcome and tea with a paper bag, and after rolling or piled up with wet cloth cover, time for a few minutes or several hours, make tea billet heat in the water under the action of non enzymatic oxidation automatically, form yellow.
Dark tea gets its name because the appearance of tea is black.Dark tea belongs to one of the six major tea categories and is post-fermented tea. Its main production areas are Guangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Anhui and other places.The raw material of traditional black tea is relatively mature, which is the main raw material of pressing tea.
The manufacturing process of black wool tea generally includes four steps: curing, rolling, piling and drying.Dark tea is distributed by region, and it is mainly classified into Hunan dark tea (Fu tea, Qianliang tea, Black Brick tea, Sanjian tea, etc.), Hubei green brick tea, Sichuan Tibetan tea (side tea), Anhui ancient black tea (An tea), Yunnan dark tea (Pu 'er ripe tea), Guangxi Liubao tea and Shaanxi dark tea (Fu tea).